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The Five Books of Moses
The original, squashed down to read in about 90 minutes
c1200CE, possibly the oldest complete Torah scroll known. (University of Bologna)
(The Levant Desert, c650BCE?)
This is the foundation of the Hebrew Bible, and the basic text of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim religious traditions. It is known to Christians as the Pentateuch, The First Books of The Old Testament, and to Muslims as the Tawrat. The Torah has a long history of being very faithfully copied, so that there are now negligible differences between versions maintained by different communities. However, there is also a strong tradition of worn-out Torah scrolls being destroyed, making it difficult to date its first writing.
Based on the 1616 'King James' translation, substantially based on Tyndale's (see The Gospls) of 1530. Abridged:GH.
Genesis or Bereshit
The First Book of Moses
1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And God said, Let there be light, let there be a firmament of Heaven and waters under it, and a dry land called Earth.  And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, and herbs and trees yielding fruit.  And God made two great lights to rule the day and night and the stars also in the firmament of the heaven  And God created great whales, and every living creature and every winged fowl, and God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply.  And God said, Let us make man in our image: to have dominion over all the earth, and over every living thing.  So man and woman created he them.  And God saw every thing that he had made, and it was very good.
2 And on the seventh day God rested from all his work. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it.  Then the LORD God caused it to rain upon the earth, yet there was no man to till the ground.  And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life. And the LORD planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man, saying, Of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, which is in the garden, thou shalt not eat.  And Adam gave names to all cattle, and the fowl, and every beast; but found not an help meet for him.  And the LORD God caused a sleep to fall upon Adam: and he took one of his ribs, and made he a woman. And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.  Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.  And they were both naked and were not ashamed.
3 Now the serpent came unto the woman saying, Hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?  For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.  And the woman told to Adam and they both ate of the tree of knowledge, and their eyes were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and sewed themselves aprons of fig leaves.  And the LORD God walking in the garden calling unto Adam, Where art thou?  And he said, I heard thy voice, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself. And God said, Hast thou eaten of the tree? And the man said, The woman gave me of the tree, and I did eat.  And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me.  And the LORD God cursed the serpent above every beast; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life: And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.  Unto the woman he said; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy husband shall rule over thee. And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, in the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.  And Adam called his wife's name Eve. And the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground.  And he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword, to preserve the tree of life.
4 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.  And it came to pass that Cain rose up against Abel, and slew him. And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother's keeper?  And he said, The voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground. Now art thou cursed from the earth. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain. And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.  And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city.
5 And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat Seth: and he begat sons and daughters. And Seth lived an hundred and five years, and begat Enos. And Enos begat Cainan, and the descendant of Cainan begat Methuselah. And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he died.
6 There were giants in the earth in those days; when the sons of God came unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men of renown. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and repented that he had made man, and it grieved him at his heart.  And the LORD said, I will destroy man. But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.  And God said unto Noah, Make thee an ark of gopher wood; of length three hundred cubits.  And, behold I do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, but thou shalt come into the ark, and thy sons with thee.  And of every living thing, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive; they shall be male and female. Thus Noah did.
7 I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy. And Noah went into the ark.  And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills were covered, and every living substance was destroyed.
8 And the ark rested in the seventh month, upon the mountains of Ararat. And Noah sent forth a dove. But the dove found no rest. And he stayed yet other seven days; and sent forth the dove; and, lo, in her mouth was an olive leaf pluckt off: so Noah knew that the waters were abated. And Noah went forth, and with him every beast, after their kinds.  And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.
9 And God blessed Noah and his sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth. And Noah he planted a vineyard: and he drank of the wine, and was drunken.
10 By the families of the sons of Noah were the nations divided in the earth after the flood. And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech.
11 And it came to pass, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there. And they said one to another, let us make brick, let us build us a city and a tower whose top may reach unto heaven.  And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. Let us go down, and confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech.  So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city.  Therefore is the name of it called Babel.
These are the generations of Shem: Shem begat Arphaxad. And Arphaxad begat Salah: And Salah begat Eber: And Eber begat Peleg: And Peleg begat Reu: And Reu begat Serug: And Serug begat Nahor: And Nahor begat Terah: And Terah begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran. And Terah took Abram from Ur of the Chaldees into the land of Canaan, and dwelt there.
12 Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Go thee out of thy country, unto a land that I will shew thee:  And I will make of thee a great nation.  So Abram departed, and Lot his brother's son, and they went into the land of Canaan. And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him.
13 And Abram was very rich in cattle, in silver, and in gold. And there was a strife between the herdmen of Abram's cattle and the herdmen of Lot's cattle. And Abram said unto Lot, Let there be no strife, separate thyself, I pray thee, from me. Then Lot chose him all the plain of Jordan and pitched his tent toward Sodom; and Abram dwelled in the land of Canaan. Then Abram removed his tent, and dwelt in Hebron.  And after years the kings of Sodom and of Gomorrah joined battle in the vale of Siddim with four kings. And the kings of Sodom and of Gomorrah fled, and they that conquered took Lot, Abram's brother's son, and his goods.  And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his servants, and he brought back all the goods, and brought his brother Lot, and the women also.
15 After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield.  And Abram said, LORD God, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless?  And, behold, the LORD said, Look now toward heaven, as the number of the stars, so shall thy seed be. Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children. And Sarai said unto Abram: I pray thee, go in unto my maid, Hagar; that I may obtain children by her. And Abram went in unto Hagar, and Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his name, Ishmael.  And Abram was fourscore and six years old.
17 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared, and said unto him; I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.  Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but Abraham; for a father of many nations.  Every man child among you shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.  As for Sarai thy wife, Sarah shall her name be, and she shall be a mother of nations.  Then Abraham laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto her that is ninety years old?
18 The LORD appeared unto Abraham as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day. For, lo, three men stood there: and Abraham bowed himself toward the ground, saying: Pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant: I will fetch water, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree. And Abraham brought butter, and milk, and a calf dressed and set it before them, and they did eat.  And the LORD said, Because the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah is very grievous, I will go down now upon them.  And Abraham said, Wilt thou destroy the righteous with the wicked?  And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fifty, or thirty, or ten righteous, then will I spare the place.
19 Then at even two angels came to Sodom; and Lot did greet them, and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat and tarry at the house of Lot.  Then came the men of the city, calling to Lot, Where are the men which came in this night? bring them out, that we may know them.  And Lot said, Behold, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as you wish: only unto these men do nothing.  And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city. Escape for thy life and look not behind thee.  Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire out of heaven; And he overthrew those cities, and all the inhabitants of the cities.  But the wife of Lot looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt. And Abraham gat up early in the morning and he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and beheld smoke as the smoke of a furnace.  And Lot dwelt in a cave in the mountain, and his two daughters with him. And the firstborn said unto the younger, Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.  Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their own father. And the first born bare a son, and called his name Moab. And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi.
21 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, for Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age. And Abraham called his name Isaac, and circumcised him as God had commanded.
22 And it came to pass, that God did tempt Abraham, saying; Behold, here I am. Take thy son, Isaac, whom thou lovest, and offer him there for a burnt offering upon the mountains. And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took Isaac.  And Abraham built an altar, and laid wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son.  And the angel of the LORD called out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham. Now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy only son from me. And Abraham looked, and behold, a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham took the ram, and offered him up in the stead of his son.  And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven: In thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.
23 And Sarah was an hundred and seven and twenty years old, and died; and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her. And Abraham bought with silver the cave of Machpelah for a buryingplace.
25 Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah, and she bare him children. Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, full of years.  And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah.  And the sons of Ishmael were twelve: twelve princes of nations.  Isaac took Rebekah to wife, and his wife conceived. And, behold, there were twins in her womb. And the first came out like an hairy garment; and they called his name Esau. And after that came his brother, and his name was Jacob.  Esau was a cunning hunter and Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in tents. And Isaac loved Esau: but Rebekah loved Jacob.  And it came to pass that Esau came from the field, and he was faint, and said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray.  And Jacob said, Sell me this day thy birthright.  And Esau said, Behold, I am at the point to die: and what profit this birthright to me? And he sold his birthright unto Jacob.  Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentiles; and he did eat and drink.
28 And Isaac called Jacob, and said unto him, Arise, go to Padanaram, and take thee a wife from the daughers of Laban thy mother's brother.  And Jacob lighted upon a certain place, and lay down to sleep. And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it. And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed.
29 Then Jacob went on his journey, and came upon a well, and sheep watering and there Rachel the daughter of Leban.  And Jacob kissed Rachel, and wept.  And Laban brought him to his house.  And Jacob said, I will serve thee seven years for Rachel thy younger daughter.  And Jacob served seven years; and they seemed unto him but a few days, for the love he had to Rachel, and said unto Laban, Give me my wife, for my days are fulfilled.  And Laban said, It must not be so done in our country, to give the younger before the firstborn. Take then first my daughter Leah.  And Leah conceived of Jacob, and bare sons. And Bilhah, the handmaid of Rachel, conceived of Jacob, and bare Jacob a son.  And Zilpah Leah's maid bare Jacob a son, and a second son.  And God remembered Rachel, and opened her womb. And she bare a son; and she called his name Joseph.
35 And God appeared unto Jacob again, saying; Thy name shall be called Israel.  Be fruitful and multiply; a nation shall be of thee, and kings shall come of thy loins. And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to thee I give it.  And it came to pass that Rachel had hard labour of her second son, Benjamin, and died. And Jacob set a pillar upon her grave: that is there unto this day in Bethlehem.  Now the sons of Jacob were twelve: Of Leah; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun: Of Rachel; Joseph, and Benjamin: Of Bilhah; Dan, and Naphtali: Of Zilpah; Gad, and Asher.  And the days of Isaac were an hundred and fourscore years, and he gave up the ghost, being old and full of days.
37 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colours.  And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more, they hated him.  And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his brethren: behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, and stood upright; and your sheaves made obeisance to mine. And his brethren conspired against him to slay him, and seeing him afar, they said one to another, Behold, this dreamer cometh.  And they stript Joseph out of his coat of many colours, and cast him into a pit. Then, behold, a company of Ishmeelites came from Gilead with their camels bearing spicery. And they sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of silver. And they took Joseph's coat, and killed a kid, and dipped the coat in the blood.  And they sent the coat to their father. And he knew it, and said, It is my son's coat; an evil beast hath devoured him.  And Jacob rent his clothes, and mourned for his son many days.
39 And Joseph was brought to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, bought him. And Joseph found grace in his sight, and he made him overseer over his house.  And it came to pass that his master's wife cast her eyes upon Joseph; and she said, Lie with me. But Joseph fled.  And she spake unto her lord, saying, The Hebrew servant does mock me.  And Joseph's master put him into the prison.
40 And after these things, the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord. And Pharaoh put them into the prison, and Joseph made there interpretations of their dreams such as came to pass.  Upon Pharaoh's birthday he restored the chief butler, but he hanged the baker: as Joseph had interpreted to them.
41 And it came to pass that Pharaoh dreamed that he stood by the river, and there came seven well favoured kine and fatfleshed; and seven other kine, ill favoured and leanfleshed. And the ill favoured kine did eat up the well favoured kine. So Pharaoh awoke, and he sent for the magicians, and told them his dream; but there was none that could interpret them.  Then spake the chief butler, saying, I do remember an Hebrew servant, and he interpreted to us our dreams. Then was Joseph brought hastily out of the dungeon: and he shaved, and changed his raiment, and came in unto Pharaoh.  And Joseph heard the dream of Pharaoh, and said:  What God is about to do he sheweth unto Pharaoh. Behold, there come seven years of great plenty throughout the land: And after them seven years of famine.  Therefore let Pharaoh appoint officers to lay up corn for store against famine.  And Pharaoh said, Can we find such a one in whom the Spirit of God is?  And Pharaoh set Joseph over all the land of Egypt, and gave Joseph to wife Asenath the daughter of Potipherah the priest of On.  And the seven years of dearth began to come; but in all the land of Egypt there was bread.
42 Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may not die.  And Joseph it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph's brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him. And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him. And Joseph sorely tested his brothers by trickery until they saw him for their brother that was sold.
45 Joseph said; Haste ye to my father, and say God hath made Joseph lord of all Egypt: come unto me, tarry not:  And thou shalt dwell in the land of Goshen, and thou shalt be near me: And there will I nourish thee.
50 And his brethren went and fell down before him; and said, We be thy servants.  And Joseph said unto them, Fear not: Ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, to save much people alive. And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he, and his father's house: and Joseph lived an hundred and ten years and died: and they embalmed him in Egypt.
Exodus or Shemot
The Second Book of Moses
1 The names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt with Jacob were: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Benjamin, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. And they were fruitful, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.  Now there arose a new king over Egypt, and he said, Behold, the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: let us deal with them.  Therefore he set over them taskmasters to afflict them with burdens and with hard bondage. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.  And the king of Egypt spake to the midwives of the Hebrews, and said, When ye do the office of a midwife, to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him. But the midwives feared God, and saved the men children alive, and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.  Therefore Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river.
2 And there was a daughter of Levi who bare a son: and when she could not longer hide him, she put the child in an ark of bulrushes and laid it by the river's brink.  And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself and she saw the ark and she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion, and the child grew, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses.  And it came to pass, when Moses was grown, that he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren. And he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand. And Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian and took to wife Zipporah the daughter of Reuel.  And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land. And in time, the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and God heard their groaning, and remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.
3 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian. And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and behold the bush was not burned up. And God called and said, Moses, Moses, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, I have seen the affliction of my people in Egypt, and I am come down to deliver them, and to bring them unto a land flowing with milk and honey; the place of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites.  Now I will send thee to gather the elders of Israel and to go unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth the children of Israel.  And when ye go, ye shall not go empty, but every woman shall borrow of her neighbour jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians.
4 And Moses answered and said, But they will not hearken unto me: for they will say, The LORD hath not appeared unto thee. And the LORD said, Cast thine rod to the ground. And he cast it on the ground, and it became a serpent. And he put forth his hand, and caught it, and it became a rod in his hand.  And the LORD said; Put now thine hand into thy bosom. And he put his hand into his bosom: and behold, his hand was leprous as snow. And he put his hand to his bosom again, and, behold, it was turned again as flesh. And the LORD said, If they will not hearken to the voice of these signs, thou shalt take water of the river, and pour it upon the dry land: and the water shall become blood.  And Moses said, O my LORD, I am not eloquent, but I am slow of speech. And the LORD said unto him, Who hath made man's mouth? Now therefore go, and I will be with thy mouth. Yet take Aaron the Levite, thy brother, I know he can speak well, he shall be thy spokesman.  And Moses and Aaron gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel, and Aaron spake the words which the LORD had spoken unto Moses, and did the signs in the sight of the people. And the people believed: and they bowed their heads and worshipped.
5 And afterward Moses and Aaron went and told Pharaoh: let us go, we pray thee, three days' into the desert, and sacrifice unto the LORD our God; lest he fall upon us with pestilence, or with the sword.  And the king of Egypt said unto them, go you back to your works. And Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters to no more give the people straw to make brick, but let them go and gather straw for themselves, yet shall they deliver the same tale of bricks.  And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Wherefore hast thou so evil entreated this people?
6 Then the LORD said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh, I am the LORD. I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.
7 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, go unto Pharaoh, let him ask for a miracle of you. And Moses and Aaron went unto Pharaoh, and Aaron cast down the rod before Pharaoh, and it became a serpent. Then Pharaoh called the magicians of Egypt, they also did cast down every man his rod, and they became serpents: but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods.  And Pharaoh's heart hardened, that he hearkened not unto them. And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, that they may become blood.  And Moses and Aaron did so, and the fish in the river died; and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink of the water; and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt. And Pharaoh's heart was hardened.
8 And the LORD spake unto Moses, Go unto Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Let my people go. But the heart of Pharaoh was hardened. So the LORD did smite the land with frogs. And the frogs went up into their houses, and into their bedchambers, and upon their bed.  And many times did Moses ask of Pharaoh, and in each was Pharaoh's heart hardened, and in each did the LORD bring down pestilences on the people of Egypt. The earth became lice in man and in beast throughout all the land. And there came a grievous swarm of flies, and the land was corrupted by the flies. And all the cattle of Egypt died: but the cattle of the children of Israel died not. And there were boils breaking forth with blains upon man and upon beast. And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and the LORD sent fire mingled with thunder and hail very grievous. Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, was there no hail. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go.
10 And the LORD brought an east wind upon the land and the east wind brought locusts.  And the locust were very grievous; before them there were no such locusts as they, neither after them shall be such. And they did eat every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left: and there remained not any green thing in all the land of Egypt.
11 And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt. Speak ye unto all Israel, saying that every man shall take of the blood of a lamb, and strike it on his door post. And therein shall they eat the flesh of the lamb this night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread, and bitter herbs. And ye shall eat it with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD's passover.
12 For I will this night smite all the firstborn of Egypt; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment. And the blood shall be a token upon the houses where ye are: I will pass over you.  And this day shall be unto you a memorial; and ye shall keep it throughout your generations for ever. Seven days shall there be no leaven in your houses; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.  And the children of Israel did as the LORD had commanded.  And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. And among the Egyptians there was not a house where there was not one dead.  And Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Rise up, both ye and the children of Israel; and go. Take your flocks and your herds, and be gone.  And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men, even the selfsame day as it came to pass that the children of Israel had been in Egypt for four hundred and thirty years.  And they baked unleavened bread, for it was not leavened because they were thrust out of Egypt in haste.
13 And God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea.  And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him. And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, and by night in a pillar of fire, to lead them the way.
14 And when it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: then the heart of Pharaoh was turned, Why have we let Israel go from serving us? And he took six hundred chariots, and he pursued after the children of Israel.  And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel were sore afraid, and they said unto Moses, it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.  And the LORD said unto Moses, Lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it. And, behold, the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.  And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall on their right hand, and on their left. And the Egyptians pursued them, and the waters came again, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen.  And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD, and his servant Moses.
15 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel with timbrels and with dances unto the LORD, saying, I will sing unto the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously: Pharaoh's chariots and his host hath he cast into the Red sea: his chosen captains also are drowned. Who is like unto thee, O LORD, among the gods? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders? And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances and with singing.  So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they went out into the wilderness; and found no sustenance. And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we eat, and what shall we drink? And they came to wells of water, then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather.
16 And it came to pass, that quails came up: and in the morning, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat. And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.
17 And the children of Israel journeyed in the wilderness, and pitched in Rephidim: and the people thirsted there for water  And the LORD said unto Moses, Go and with thy rod smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
18 And Jethro, Moses' father in law, came unto Moses saw all that he did judge the people between one and another. And Jethro said unto him, this thing is too heavy for thee alone. So Moses hearkened to his father in law, and did choose able men, and made them heads over the people.
19 In the third month the children of Israel came into the wilderness of Sinai and there camped before the mount.  And Moses went up unto God in the mountain, and the LORD said, Ye have seen how I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself. If ye will obey my voice, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure above all people: ye shall be an holy nation.  And it came to pass on the third day, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a smoke upon the mount, and a trumpet exceeding loud and the whole mount quaked greatly.
20 And God spake, saying, I am the LORD thy God, thou shalt have no other gods before me; Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing. Thou shalt not bow down to them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God; Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days only shalt thou labour; Honour thy father and thy mother; Thou shalt not kill; Thou shalt not commit adultery; Thou shalt not steal; Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour; Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, his maidservant, his ox, his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.  And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed afar off. And they said unto Moses, let not God speak with us, lest we die.  And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel;  Ye shall not make gods of silver, nor of gold.  An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice burnt offerings thereon.
24 And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel. And Moses sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD, and read of the covenant to the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do.  Then went up Moses, and the elders of Israel: And they saw the God of Israel.  And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written.  And Moses went up into the midst of a cloud, and was in the mount forty days and forty nights. And the LORD gave unto Moses two tables of testimony of stone, written with the finger of God.
32 And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people said unto Aaron, Make us gods. And Aaron fashioned of molten gold a calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. And they offered burnt offerings.  And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people have turned aside quickly from me.  And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, the two tables of the testimony in his hand: And as he came unto the camp, he saw the calf: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables down, and brake them.  And he took the calf, and ground it to powder.  Then Moses said, Who is on the LORD's side? And the sons of Levi gathered together unto him. And he said unto them, Go throughout the camp, and slay every man. And there fell that day about three thousand.
33 And Moses took the holy tabernacle, and pitched it afar off from the camp. And as Moses entered into the tabernacle, a cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door, and there the Lord talked with Moses as a man speaketh unto his friend. And Moses made plea for his people.
34 And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two more tables of stone: and I will write upon these tables as the first, which thou brakest. And he hewed two tables of stone; and Moses went up mount Sinai. And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there. And he said, Behold, I make a covenant: before all thy people I will do marvels: behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite. Make no covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, but destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves. And Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony, and the skin of Moses' face shone.
35 And Moses spake unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, saying, This the LORD has commanded, Whosoever is willing, let him bring gold, silver, and brass, blue, purple, and scarlet, and fine cloths and skins, and oil and sweet incense, and Onyx stones.
36 And all the wise men wrought the work of a sanctuary, ten curtains of fine linen, with cherubims of cunning make, and boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood, and four pillars overlaid with gold. And an ark to carry the tables of stone. And a candlestick of pure gold with three branches out of the one side, and three of the other side. And Bezaleel of the tribe of Judah, made all that the LORD commanded Moses.
40 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation. And thou shalt put therein the ark of the testimony. And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons unto the tabernacle, and anoint him; that he may minister unto me in the priest's office. Then did he set the bread in order, and light the lamps before the LORD, and burn sweet incense upon the altar.  Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.
Leviticus or Vayyiqra
The Third Book of Moses
1 And the LORD called unto Moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying, If any man bring an offering of a beast or a fowl unto the LORD, let him offer a male without blemish, of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle.
4 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, If a soul shall sin through ignorance against any of the commandments; then let him bring a young bullock without blemish. And the priest shall take of the bullock's blood, and dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the LORD.  And if any one of the common people sin through ignorance, he shall bring a kid of the goats, a female without blemish.
7 In the place where they kill the burnt offering shall they kill the trespass offering: and the blood thereof shall he sprinkle round about upon the altar. And he shall offer of it all the fat thereof, and the two kidneys, and the caul. And the priest shall burn them upon the altar for an offering unto the LORD.  Every male among the priests shall eat thereof: it shall be eaten in the holy place: it is most holy.
9 And it came to pass on the eighth day, that Moses called Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel; And he said unto Aaron, Take a young calf for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering, and offer them before the LORD.  Aaron therefore went unto the altar, and made the offerings.  And there came a fire out from before the LORD, and consumed upon the altar the burnt offering and the fat: which when all the people saw, they shouted, and fell on their faces.
10 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not. And there went out fire from the LORD, and devoured them, and they died before the LORD.
11 And the LORD spake, saying, These are the beasts which ye shall eat. Whatsoever is clovenfooted, and cheweth the cud, that shall ye eat. Ye shall not eat of the camel, coney, hare, nor the swine, nor their carcase shall ye touch; they are unclean to you.  These shall ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales.  And these among the fowls shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, ossifrage, ospray, vulture, kites, ravens, owls, cuckow, hawks, cormorant, pelican, stork, the lapwing, and the bat.  Yet ye may eat of the locust, beetle and the grasshopper after their kind.  Unclean unto you among the creeping things are; the weasel, mouse, tortoises, ferret, chameleon, lizard, snail, and the mole. This is the law of the beasts.
12 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, If a woman have conceived seed, and born a man child: then she shall be unclean seven days; and in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised. But if she bear a maid child, then she shall be unclean two weeks. And when the days of her purifying are fulfilled, she shall bring a burnt offering, unto the door of the tabernacle.
13 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, saying, When a man shall have in the skin of his flesh a rising, a scab, or bright spot, then he shall be brought unto the priest and if it is a plague of leprosy: the priest shall pronounce him unclean.  And the leper his clothes shall be rent, and his head bare, and he shall put a covering upon his upper lip, and shall cry, Unclean, unclean. And he shall dwell alone.
17 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, What man of the house of Israel, that killeth a beast and bringeth it not unto the tabernacle, that man shall be cut off from among his people.  And they shall no more offer their sacrifices unto devils, after whom they have gone a whoring.  And for the life of the flesh is in the blood, No soul of you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger that sojourneth among you.
18 Ye shall do my judgments, and keep mine ordinances: I am the LORD your God.  None of you shall approach to any that is near of kin to him, to uncover their nakedness, neither thy father, nor thy mother, nor thy sister.  Moreover thou shalt not lie carnally with thy neighbour's wife.  Thou shalt not lie with mankind, as with womankind: it is abomination. Neither shalt thou lie with any beast to defile thyself therewith: neither shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down thereto: it is confusion.
19 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, say unto the congregation of the children of Israel, Ye shall be holy: for I the LORD your God am holy. Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God. Turn ye not unto idols, nor make to yourselves molten gods.  And when ye reap the harvest of your land, reap not the corners of thy field nor thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and stranger. Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie. And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, I am the LORD. Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a stumblingblock before the blind. Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people. Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.  Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, nor mar the corners of thy beard.  Do not prostitute thy daughter; lest the land fall to whoredom. Regard not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards. Honour the old man, and fear thy God. Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in meteyard, in weight, or in measure.
20 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, say to the children of Israel, Ye shall keep my statutes, I am the LORD. Every one that curseth his father or his mother shall be surely put to death. And the man that lieth with his father's wife: both of them shall surely be put to death. And if a man lie with his daughter in law, both of them shall surely be put to death. If a man also lie with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination: they shall surely be put to death. And if a man take a wife and her mother, it is wickedness: they shall be burnt with fire, both he and they; that there be no wickedness among you.  A man also or woman that hath a familiar spirit, or that is a wizard, shall surely be put to death: they shall stone them with stones.
22 What man soever of the seed of Aaron is a leper, or hath a running issue; he shall not eat of the holy things.  There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.  Either a bullock or a lamb that hath any thing superfluous or lacking in his parts, that mayest thou offer for a freewill offering; but for a vow it shall not be accepted. Ye shall not offer unto the LORD that which is bruised, or crushed, or broken, or cut. Keep ye my commandments: I am the LORD.
23 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein. These are the feasts of the LORD: In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD's passover. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread. Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: And ye shall take the boughs of goodly trees and branches of palm trees and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.
24 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, command the children of Israel, that they bring pure olive oil, to cause the lamps to burn continually. And thou shalt bake twelve cakes, set in two rows, six on a row, upon the pure table before the LORD. And thou shalt put frankincense upon each row, that it may be on the bread for a memorial. Every sabbath he shall set it in order before the LORD, and it shall be Aaron's and his sons'; and they shall eat it in the holy place.  And the son of Shelomith an Israelitish woman, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among and blasphemed the name of the Lord, and cursed. And they brought him unto Moses. And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Let all that heard him lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation stone him.  He that blasphemeth the name of the LORD shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him. And he that killeth any man shall surely be put to death. And he that killeth a beast shall make it good; beast for beast.  And if a man cause a blemish in his neighbour, so shall it be done to him; Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth.
25 And the LORD spake unto Moses in mount Sinai, saying, Six years thou shalt sow thy field and prune thy vineyard. But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land. And ye shall hallow too, the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land.  For the land shall not be sold for ever: for the land is mine, for ye are strangers and sojourners with me. And if thy brother be waxen poor; then thou shalt relieve him. Take thou no usury of him, or increase: but fear thy God.  And if thy brother that dwelleth by thee be waxen poor, and be sold unto thee; thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bondservant: but as an hired servant, unto the year of jubile. And then shall he depart from thee, he and his children with him  Thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, which thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids. Of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them shall ye buy, and of their families that are with you, which they begat in your land: and they shall be your possession.
26 Ye shall make you no idols nor graven image, Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I am the LORD. If ye keep my commandments, then I will give you rain in due season, and the land shall yield her increase, and the trees shall yield fruit. And I will give peace in the land, and I will rid evil beasts out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land. And ye shall chase your enemies, and they shall fall before you by the sword. And five of you shall chase an hundred, and an hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight. And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people.
Numbers or Bamidbar
The Fourth Book of Moses
1 And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the second year after they were come out of Egypt, saying, Take ye the sum of men that are able to go forth to war. And of the families of Reuben, Simeon, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, Menasheh, Ephraim and Benjamin were numbered six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty. But the Levites were not numbered. For the LORD had spoken, saying, Thou shalt appoint the Levites over the tabernacle. And so did they.
5 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Command the children of Israel, that they put out of the camp every leper, and every one that is defiled by the dead.  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, If any man's wife go aside, and a man lie with her carnally, and it be hid from the eyes of her husband, then shall the man bring his wife unto the priest, and an offering of barley meal. And the priest shall take holy water mixed with the dust of the floor of the tabernacle, and charge the woman to say if man have lain with her, and to drink the water, that, if she have done trespass against her husband, that the water shall become bitter, and her belly shall swell, and her thigh shall rot.
6 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, When either man or woman shall take the vow of a Nazarite: He shall separate himself from wine and strong drink, no razor shall come upon his head. And he shall consecrate unto the LORD his days.
9 And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, saying, Let the children of Israel keep the passover. And on the day the cloud covered the tabernacle: and at even there was upon the tabernacle the appearance of fire. Then after that the children of Israel journeyed: and in the place where the cloud abode, there the children of Israel pitched their tents.
10 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Make thee two trumpets of silver, and when they shall blow them, all shall assemble themselves to thee.  And the children of Israel departed from the mount of the LORD three days' journey: and the ark of the covenant of the LORD went before them, to search out a resting place.
11 And when the people complained: and the LORD heard it; and was displeased; and a fire of the LORD burnt them. And the people cried unto Moses; and when Moses prayed unto the LORD, the fire was quenched. And the children of Israel wept again, and said, Who shall give us flesh to eat? We remember in Egypt the fish; cucumbers, melons, leeks, and garlick: But now there is nothing beside this manna. And the people gathered it and made cakes of it: and the taste was as fresh oil.  And the LORD said unto Moses, thou shalt see now whether my word shall come to pass unto thee or not.  And there went forth a wind from the LORD, and brought quails from the sea, and let them fall by the camp. And the people gathered the quails. And while the flesh was yet between their teeth, the wrath of the LORD was kindled against the people, and the LORD smote them with a great plague.  And the people journeyed from Kibrothhattaavah unto Hazeroth; and abode at Hazeroth.
12 And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman. (Now Moses was very meek, above all men.) And the LORD came down in the pillar of the cloud; and, behold, Miriam became leprous. And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, Heal her now, O God. And Miriam was shut out from the camp seven days. And afterward the people removed from Hazeroth, and pitched in the wilderness of Paran.
13 And Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan. And they returned, saying; Surely it floweth with milk and honey, nevertheless the people be strong, and the cities are walled. The Amalekites, the Hittites, the Jebusites, the Amorites and the Canaanites dwell there. And all the men are of a great stature, and there we saw giants, and we were in their sight as grasshoppers.
15  And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day. And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp. And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded.  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Bid the children of Israel make them fringes in the borders of their garments with a ribband of blue.
16 Now Korah, the son of Izhar, rose with certain of the children of Israel, and they took every man his censer, and laid incense thereon, and stood in the door of the tabernacle. And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, Separate yourselves from among this congregation, that I may consume them. And Moses spake unto, saying, Depart, I pray you, lest ye be consumed. And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a censer, and put fire therein from off the altar, and go unto the congregation. And Aaron took as Moses commanded; and, behold, a plague was begun among the people: and they that died in the plague were fourteen thousand and seven hundred
20 Then came the children of Israel into the desert of Zin: and Miriam died, and was buried there. And the people gathered together against Moses and Aaron saying, Why have ye brought us unto this evil place of no seed, or figs, or vines, or pomegranates; neither is there any water. And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,  Take the rod and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water. And Moses with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly. And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, therefore ye shall not go into the land which I have given.  And the children of Israel journeyed unto mount Hor. And the LORD spake, saying, Aaron shall be gathered unto his people. And Moses did as the LORD commanded: and stripped Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son; and Aaron died. And Aaron was an hundred and twenty and three years old. And the congregation mourned for thirty days.
27 Then came the daughters of Zelophehad, before Moses, saying, Our father died in the wilderness, but had no sons. And Moses brought their cause before the LORD. And the LORD said; If a man die, and have no son, then ye shall cause his inheritance to pass unto his daughter. And if he have no daughter, then unto his brethren.  And the LORD said unto Moses, Get thee up into this mount Abarim, and see the land which I have given unto the children of Israel. And when thou hast seen it, thou also shalt be gathered unto thy people, as Aaron thy brother was gathered.
28 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Command the children of Israel, and say unto them, My offering, and my bread for my sacrifices made by fire, for a sweet savour unto me, shall ye observe to offer unto me in their due season.  And the drink offering thereof shall be the fourth part of an hin for the one lamb: in the holy place shalt thou cause the strong wine to be poured unto the LORD for a drink offering.
30 And Moses spake unto the heads of the tribes concerning the children of Israel, saying, This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded. If a man vow a vow; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.  If a woman also vow a vow, and her father shall hold his peace at her; then all her vows shall stand.  But if her father disallow her in the day that he heareth; not any of her vows, shall stand: and the LORD shall forgive her, because her father disallowed her, and so of her husband.  These are the statutes, which the LORD commanded Moses.
31 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, arm some of yourselves unto the war, and go against the Midianites, and avenge the LORD of Midian.  So they warred against the Midianites, as the LORD commanded Moses; and they slew all the males. And they burnt all their cities, and all their castles. And they took all the spoil, and all the prey, both of men and of beasts.  And Moses said unto them, Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him.  But all the women children, that have not known a man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves.  And the booty was six hundred thousand and seventy thousand and five thousand sheep, and threescore and twelve thousand beeves, and threescore and one thousand asses,  And thirty and two thousand persons in all.  And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold, and brought it into the tabernacle of the congregation, for a memorial for the children of Israel before the LORD.
33 These are the journeys of the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt with their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron. And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys. And they departed from Rameses, and travelled and encamped by the Red sea. And they travelled by way of the wilderness of Sin, even unto the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho.  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, When ye are passed over Jordan into the land of Canaan; Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their pictures, and their images, and their high places. And ye shall dispossess the inhabitants of the land, and dwell therein: for I have given you the land to possess.  And ye shall divide the land by lot among your families. But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you; then it shall come to pass, that those which ye let remain shall be pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides, and shall vex you in the land.  Moreover it shall come to pass, that I shall do unto you, as I thought to do unto them.
34 And the LORD spake unto Moses; Say unto the children of Israel, When ye come into the land of Canaan which is your inheritance, then your south border shall be the salt sea. And the great sea shall be your west border. And the North to Ziphron, and the east to Jordan. This is the land which the LORD commanded to give unto the tribes of the children of Israel.
The Fifth Book of Moses
1 These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel in the wilderness: The LORD our God spake unto us saying: Turn you, and take journey, and go to the land of the Canaanites, unto Lebanon, unto the great river Euphrates. Go and possess the land which the LORD sware unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
2 Then we turned, and took our journey into the wilderness. And the LORD said, Pass through the coast of your brethren the children of Esau: Meddle not with them. But  the LORD our God delivered Sihon king of Heshbon before us; and we smote him. And we took all his cities and utterly destroyed the men, and the women, and the little ones, of every city, we left none to remain:  Only the cattle and the spoil we took for a prey.
3 And then Og the king of Bashan came out against us. But the LORD our God delivered him to our hands, and we took his threescore cities and his towns, and we utterly destroyed the men, the women, and the children. For king Og was of the giants; behold his bedstead was of iron; is it not in Rabbath yet? nine cubits was the length thereof.  And I besought the LORD, saying, O Lord GOD, thou hast shew thy greatness: for what God is there in heaven or in earth, that can do thy works?  I pray thee, let me go over, and see the good land that is beyond Jordan. But the LORD was wroth with me for your sakes, and would not hear me: and the LORD said unto me, Get thee up into the top of Pisgah, and behold: for thou shalt not go over Jordan, but charge Joshua, and encourage him: for he shall go over.
4  When thou shalt beget children, and ye shall have remained long in the land, and shall do evil in the sight of the LORD thy God.  And the LORD shall scatter you among the nations, and ye shall be left few in number. But if from thence thou shalt seek the LORD thy God, thou shalt find him.  Thou shalt keep therefore his statutes, and his commandments, which I command thee this day. And this is the law which Moses set before the children of Israel:
5 Thou shalt have none other gods before me. Thou shalt not make thee any graven image.  Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain.  Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work.  Honour thy father and thy mother.  Thou shalt not kill. Neither shalt thou commit adultery. Neither shalt thou steal.  Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour.  Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour's wife, or any thing that is thy neighbour's.  Ye shall observe therefore as the LORD your God hath commanded you.
6 And these words shall be in thine heart: And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children. And thou shalt write them upon the posts of thy house, and on thy gates.
13 Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams who is found saying, Let us go after other gods, and let us serve them. And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death
14 Ye are the children of the LORD your God: ye shall not cut yourselves, nor make any baldness between your eyes for the dead.  Thou shalt not eat any abominable thing.
17 Thou shalt not sacrifice unto the LORD thy God any beast wherein is blemish, or any evilfavouredness: for that is an abomination. If there be found among you, man or woman, that hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, thou shalt stone them with stones till they die.  When thou art come unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, I will set a king over thee. But he shall not multiply horses to himself, neither shall he multiply wives to himself. And he shall write him a copy of this law in a book: And it shall be with him all the days of his life.
19 Thou shalt divide thy land into into parts, that every slayer may flee thither. Every slayer that killeth his neighbour ignorantly, whom he hated not; As when a man goeth with his neighbour to hew wood, and his axe head slippeth and slay his neighbour; he shall flee unto a city of refuge and live.  Thou shalt not remove thy neighbour's landmark,  One witness shall not rise up against a man: at the mouth of two witnesses shall the matter be established.  And thine eye shall not pity; but life shall go for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.
21 If one be found slain, lying in the field, and it be not known who hath slain him: Then shall the elders of the near city strike off an heifer's neck, and shall wash their hands over the heifer, saying, Our hands have not shed this blood.
22 Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep or his ass or his raiment go astray, thou shalt bring them again unto thy brother.  The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment: for all that do so are abomination. If a bird's nest chance to be before thee thou shalt not take the dam with the young: But thou shalt let the dam go. When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that no man fall from thence.  Thou shalt not sow thy vineyard with divers seeds. Thou shalt not plow with an ox and an ass together. Thou shalt not wear a garment of divers sorts, as of woollen and linen together.  Thou shalt make thee fringes upon thy vesture.  If any man take a wife, and bring an evil name upon her, saying, I found her not a maid: Then if the tokens of virginity be not found: then the men of her city shall stone her with stones that she die.  If a man be found lying with a woman married to an husband, then they shall both of them die. If a damsel that is a virgin be betrothed unto an husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her; Then ye shall stone them with stones that they die. But if a man find a betrothed damsel, and force her: then the man only shall die.
23 He that is wounded in the stones, or hath his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD. A bastard shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to his tenth generation. An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to their tenth generation.  If there be among you any man, that is not clean by reason of uncleanness that chanceth him by night, then shall he wash himself with water.  There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel. Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou shalt not.  When thou shalt vow a vow unto the LORD thy God, thou shalt not slack to pay it. That which is gone out of thy lips thou shalt keep and perform. When thou comest into thy neighbour's vineyard, then thou mayest eat grapes thy fill; but thou shalt not put any in thy vessel. Of thy neighbour's standing corn of thy neighbour thou mayest pluck the ears with thine hand.
24 When a man hath taken a wife, and it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and send her out of his house that she may go and be another man's wife.  No man shall take a millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.  Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant.  The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, neither shall the children be put to death for the fathers.  When thou cuttest thine harvest, and hast forgot a sheaf in the field, when thou beatest thine olive tree, thou shalt not go over the boughs again, when thou gatherest the grapes of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean it afterward. Such will be for the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow.
25 If there be a controversy between men, the judges may condemn the wicked to be beaten, then forty stripes, and not exceed.  Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth the corn.  If brethren dwell together, and one of them die with no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry unto a stranger: her husband's brother shall take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband's brother unto her.  Thou shalt not have in thy bag divers weights, a great and a small. But thou shalt have a perfect and just weight.
27 And Moses with the elders of Israel commanded the people, saying, Keep all the commandments. And it shall be that ye shall pass over Jordan unto the land that floweth with milk and honey.
28 If thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe and to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth.
31 And Moses went and spake these words unto all Israel. I am an hundred and twenty years old this day; I can no more go out and come in: also the LORD hath said unto me, Thou shalt not go over the Jordan. The LORD thy God, he will go over before thee, and he will destroy nations before thee, and thou shalt possess them: and Joshua shall go over with thee.  And the LORD appeared in the tabernacle in a pillar of a cloud: And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers, and will forsake me. Then my anger shall be kindled against them. And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book, that he commanded the Levites take the book, saying,  I know that after my death ye will utterly corrupt yourselves, and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you. And Moses spake in the ears of all the congregation of Israel the words of this song:
32 Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak;
And hear, O earth, my doctrine fall as rain, my speech distil'd as dew,
I will proclaim the name of the LORD. He is the Rock, his work is perfect,
His lot is his people, as an eagle fluttereth over her young, spreadeth her wings, taketh them, beareth them.
Our enemies I will heap mischiefs upon; The sword without, and terror within,
I shall destroy the young man and the virgin, the suckling with the man of gray hairs.
I whet my glittering sword, and mine hand will take hold on judgment; I will render vengeance.
I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh.
Rejoice, O ye nations: he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will be merciful unto his land, and to his people.
34 And Moses went up from the plains of Moab to the top of Pisgah. And the LORD said unto him, This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, but thou shalt not go over thither. So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, and he buried him in a valley: but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day. And the children of Israel wept for Moses thirty days. And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face.
● Copyright © 2014 Glyn Hughes.
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